Protecting intellectual property (IP) rights is a pressing issue for countries around the globe. Countries face continuing controversies over the extent and nature of intellectual property rights. International law has implemented many regulations and recommendations surrounding IP protection; however, no matter how good laws may be on paper, problems with implementation still arise. Meanwhile, laws are often inadequately executed. Laws on intellectual property rights in India and China are similar to systems in Western countries; but, there are important differences. Some of the main countries tasked with IP protection are also sources of counterfeit goods, privacy, and fraud. This article will discuss some of the major differences between India’s and China’s intellectual property climates.